Health in Environmental Assessment

This key sheet addresses the following issues:

  • Why is health featured in environmental assessment?
  • When is health a concern in environmental assessment?
  • What information needs to be included in an environmental assessment report?
  • What methods are available to describe effects on health?

Landscape in environmental assessments

Many community participants attach huge importance to considering (the quality of) landscape when developing projects and plans. Nevertheless, schemes or projects to improve spatial quality or to make existing landscape the primary concern when implementing plans often fail to hold their own in environmental assessments. This key sheet outlines an approach to determining the correct role of landscape in environmental assessments.

The NCEAs advice': what it entails

The NCEA prepares mandatory and voluntary advisory reports for government (national, provincial and local) on the scope and quality of environmental impact reports. What does this advice entail? Who does what? When do we speak of mandatory and when of voluntarily? This keysheet provides information on the unique role of the NCEA in the Dutch EIA/SEA process.

SEA for structure visions

Since July 2008 all tiers of Government in the Netherlands (central, provincial and local) have to draw up spatial structure visions for their territory. In most situations, these structure visions need to undergo a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). This keysheet shares a number of experiences with such SEAs.

Attention to health in EIA

There is a clear relationship between the environment and human health. It is estimated that a proportion of all illnesses in the Netherlands is environmentally related. That is why the health impact of a plan or project is important in an environmental assessment (EA). This keysheet describes
which information an EIA or SEA should include, and what the available methods for assessing health effects are.

Dealing with uncertainties in assessment

An Environmental Assessment (EA) predicts the environmental impacts of various plan or project alternatives. The impact predictions are often subject
to considerable uncertainties, which need to be taken into account when determinig whether objectives are met or limit values exceeded in impact
assessments. This keysheet contains information about the nature of uncertainties and how to deal with them in an EA (both EIAs and SEAs).